Ozone Generators: What You Need to Know
Ozone generators are one of the most common ways to quickly remove airborne contaminants and odours from schools, homes, offices, and even cars.
While these machines can “shock” the air and deliver fast results. They must be used by a trained professional.
First, you need to understand what ozone is and why it’s so effective.
What is ozone?
We know you didn’t come here for a chemistry lecture, but if you want to understand ozone, you’re going to have to bear with us while we get into the details a little. Don’t worry, it’s really not that complicated, and there’s no test afterwards!
Ready? Here we go...
Ozone is made of oxygen molecules. The type of oxygen we are most familiar with, the kind we breathe every day, is actually dioxygen, or “02,” which is made of two oxygen molecules. (Technically speaking, we don’t actually breathe individual oxygen molecules, we breathe dioxygen.)
Ozone is simply three oxygen molecules, or “O3.” In the science world, ozone is referred to as “trioxygen”. This third oxygen molecule is unstable and only shares a loose connection with the other two molecules. Therefore, it will easily attach itself to pollution, especially high-odor pollutants like smoke. It can also attach itself to viruses, bacteria, mould spores, and organic matter. After it attaches to pollutants, the substance is destroyed. The ability to attach to other molecules, such as smoke and odor, gives ozone it’s ability to clean and deodorize indoor areas quickly.
Additional Ozone Information
Ozone, sometimes called active oxygen, is comprised of three atoms of oxygen. Ozone is a natural purifier and one of nature’s basic elements. Ozone is produced in nature when the ultraviolet rays of the sun strike oxygen molecules. When this occurs high in the atmosphere it creates what we know as the “ozone layer”. Because the oxygen molecules absorb the sun’s energy, living things on earth are protected from the damaging and potentially cancer-causing rays of the sun. Nature also produces ozone near the earth’s surface, especially during a thunderstorm, when lightning flashes. The sweet, fresh smell after a thunderstorm is ozone. Ozone will destroy viruses, bacteria, and virtually all other forms of microbes, as well as break down chemical contaminants.
It does this in both air and water and does it without the use of chemicals or additives of any kind!
Ozone’s use as a water purifier was discovered in the late 1800’s in the Netherlands. Its first large-scale use was in Nice, France where it was used to purify drinking water. Today, more than thirty countries use ozone systems to purify drinking water. In fact, Los Angeles has one of the largest ozone water treatment plants in the world, processing more than 580 million gallons of city drinking water per day. This system was chosen over a chlorine system due to ozone’s extraordinary ability to effectively purify water without negative side effects. In addition, most of the worlds bottled water plants use ozone as part of their water purification process.
What is an Ozone Air Purifier?
One of the most common ways to “clean” air and remove strong odors is through the use of an ozone air generator, also known as ozone machines or ozone air purifiers. These machines are designed to create ozone through a simple process that occurs naturally in the atmosphere. However, like many things, just because it’s “natural,” doesn’t mean it’s healthy.
Because ozone is highly reactive, it is nearly impossible, at least with today’s technology and knowledge, to store it for any prolonged time. Therefore, it needs to be generated onsite through the use of high-tech machines.
Ozone air purifiers, essentially take in oxygen from the air (O2) and give it a strong electrical charge. This electrical charge allows the oxygen molecules to rearrange themselves and form O3, our famous ozone. (Did you know that because of electrical charges, ground-level ozone is often present in higher levels after a lighting storm?)
Now, the ozone is released from the machine into the air. When it hits molecules like mold or smoke, the third oxygen molecule attaches itself to molecules of the pollutant and basically eliminates it. The O3 attaches itself to bacteria, fungus, germs, odours, and other contaminants and, at the molecular level, destroys the cell wall. This process eliminates the contaminant while reverting the ozone back to oxygen.
Through this process, ozone generators can be extremely useful for cleaning pungent odors, removing the smell of smoke, and eliminating mould. They are used in hospitals, hotels, and even homes and should only be operated by trained, qualified professionals.
Common Uses for Ozone Generators
Ozone generators have a strong ability for cleaning, sanitising, and removing offensive odours.
Killing Mould and Mildew: Using ozone air purification to “blast” or “shock” mould and mildew is a common commercial practice. Airborne mould spores can be harmful to health, especially the lungs and respiratory system. Mould and mildew can trigger asthma and allergies, so removing them is always a top priority. However, mould removal often requires the removal and demolition of building materials, including wood framing, drywall, carpet, and ceiling panels. With ozone generators, mould can be removed in a relatively quick and affordable fashion.
Removing Bacteria, Germs, and Viruses: Disease-causing substances like bacteria, germs, and viruses are often hiding in plain sight. Places like the kitchen sink, bathroom floor, TV remote, and even the salt and pepper shakers can all hold bacteria and germs, increasing the likelihood of sickness in your home. Ozone generators, however, have proven abilities to remove many disease-causing substances by attacking the contaminants at the molecular level.
Removing Odours: One of the most common uses for ozone generators is the removal of odors. In the same way that it attacks mould or bacteria cells, ozone gas will also attack the physical airborne cells that make odours. This can be useful for many different purposes, including hotel rooms that have lingering smells from tobacco smoke. Another potential use is by landlords who need to remove the smell of pets from their properties, or by average homeowners who simply want to remove a foul odour in their home. Using ozone gas is often used after unsuccessful attempts at trying to 'mask' odours by using scented air fresheners
There are other uses, but these are the main reasons that people choose to hire or buy an ozone generator for their businesses, and property.
Kills Viruses, Bacteria, Pathogens
Viruses and bacteria can become resistant to bleach and other chemicals. There is no chance of building up resistance to the oxidizing effect of ozone gas. With Ozone you completely decontaminate the air and all surfaces from viruses and bacteria including enveloped viruses such as SARS (covid is a form of SARS) and mould.
Purifies The Air You Breathe
Ozone is produced on site, out of thin air. No reliance on chemical supplies, no toxic chemicals left behind. Ozone removes allergens and irritants that affect those with lung disease and chronic illnesses such as emphysema and asthma. Ozone is a naturally-occurring gas, and is completely dissipated at the end of the process, making it safe for immediate entry.
Eliminates Unpleasant Odours
Ozone destroys odours in the air and on surfaces, including soft furnishings, eliminating the toughest of smells, including pet odours, kitchen odours, mildew, damp, cigarette smoke and many more, leaving only freshness behind.
Click here for list of odours destroyed by ozone